POLICE OFTEN KEEP USE OF FORCE INFORMATION HIDDEN FROM PUBLIC VIEW
Baltimore, Houston, St. Louis, and New York police departments do not make their use of force policies available online
Many police departments redact significant portions of their use of force policies before making them public
Only three of the seventeen police departments in our analysis require police to report every time they used force, including incidents where police point a firearm at civilians.
Minneapolis, San Francisco, St. Louis, and Seattle police departments do not post police shootings data online. Other police departments, including Philadelphia and Houston, routinely refuse to release the names of people their officers kill.