POLICE DEPARTMENT POLICIES DEFINING WHEN AND how POLICE USE FORCE
Additional findings from the reviewing police use of force policies include:
- Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, and San Antonio police are not required to give a verbal warning, when possible, before shooting at civilians.
- Minneapolis, New York, Phoenix, and San Francisco police departments are the only departments in our analysis that prohibit officers from hog-tying civilians, a cruel form of restraint where a person's wrists are shackled to their ankles behind their back.
- 12 of the 17 departments reviewed permit officers in some cases to shoot at moving vehicles when the vehicle is the only threat; a dangerous, ineffective practice that the Policing Executive Research Forum and International Association of Police Chiefs have recommended be prohibited.